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11 Points list: Results of the International Conference

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Conference Notes on the International Conference “Regional Stability and Modernization: Challenges and Opportunities for EU–Belarus Relations” (01.12.2014 in Vilnius, LT / 02.12.2014 in Minsk, BY):

  1. EU's Eastern Partnership approach has to be reconceptionalized as a bilateralized approach; Belarus is obviously the last remaining country in the group of six that can really profit from the EP-format.
  2. Lessons learned from the Ukraine/Russia-conflict will lead to a review of the Belarus-Russia relations; for a further balanced (peaceful) neighborhood it is important to create trilateral formats for the neighborhood issues (f.i. energy, trade, logistics, etc.).
  3. Regional cooperation is a key instrument for Belarus and neighboring EU-countries to improve the cooperation; here Baltic countries play a crucial role, especially during Latvian EU presidency in 2015; EUs program "Euroregions" should also be developed.
  4. Sanctions against Belarus should be reviewed more frequently by the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of EU-countries, whereas Belarus should make more constructive steps to manage EU expectations in this regard.
  5. Minsk as a kind of "new Geneva" played an important role as a platform for negotiations during the Ukraine/Russia-conflict; that role should be prolonged and strengthened.
  6. Belarus can profit from the adaptation to European/international formats as Bologna-Process or WTO.
  7. Economic reforms in Belarus are crucial for modernisation; it was good news that the share of SME in Belarusian economy in the last decade.
  8. New perspectives for EU-Belarus business relations are to be expected in the format of Eurobonds, credit lines by EBRD and European Investment Bank (EIB).
  9. Visa Liberalisation is a key element for the Future of EU-Belarus relations. Both sides should speed up the process and to finalize the Visa facilitation negotiations with Belarus until the Riga EU-Summit in May 2015.
  10. Events in Ukraine changed the regional security in Eastern Europe. The post Cold War Order was significantly affected by the annexion of Crimea and the war in Eastern Ukraine. In Belarus statehood and national identity have been strengthened during the conflict on the background of Russias new foreign policy in the Post Soviet Space.
  11. As it was proposed initially in 2013 the cooperation between EU and Eurasian Union is of paramount importance also as an instrument to strengthen peace and economic and political security in the region. The idea aims at the creation of a Common Economic space between Lisbon and Vladivostok.

On behalf of the participants:

Rainer Lindner
Chairman, The Minsk Forum/German-Belarusian Society, Berlin

Kristina Vaiciunaite
Director, Eastern European Studies Center, Vilnius

Leanid Zaika
Director, Analytical Center "Strategy", Minsk

For further information, please refer to the attached PDF documents.

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11 Points list_ENG.pdf95.45 KB
11 Points list_RU.pdf95.38 KB
Belapan_Report 03.12.2014.pdf179.5 KB

8. Dezember 2014 in Veranstaltungen der dbg, Minsk Forum